Agriculture in Ghana is recognized as the mainstay of the economy with a greater impact on poverty reduction than any other sector. It is also critical for rural development and associated cultural values, social stabilization, environmental sustainability and buffer during economic shocks. The sector currently employs about 48% of the total workforce.
The country is classified into three (3) main agriculture zones.
- The Forest Vegetation Zone, which consists of parts of Western, Eastern, Ashanti, Brong Ahafo and Volta Regions.
- The Northern Savannah Vegetation Zone, which includes the Upper East, Upper West and Northern Region.
- The Coastal Savannah, which includes mainly the Central, Greater Accra and parts of Volta Region.
The Northern Savannah Zone is the largest agricultural zone. Most of the nation’s supply of rice, millet, sorghum, yam, tomatoes, cattle, sheep, goat and cotton are grown in the region. In recent times, mangoes, cotton and ostrich commercial farms are also gaining foothold in the Northern Zone.
The Agriculture business sector of the Association of Ghana Industries (AGI) is into providing a conducive atmosphere for business/industries that are into the production of food and rearing of livestock. It also includes companies and actors who provide value addition to the sector, research organizations and some government agencies. This sector of the AGI ensures these industry players have the full support needed to grow and expand the sector.